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who traveled the mormon trail

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Mormons

How many miles did the Mormons travel across America?

Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley in 1846-1847. Follow the Trails.

Where did Mormon Trail pioneers settle before Salt Lake City?

Only a tiny fraction of pioneers settled along the Mormon Trail before reaching Salt Lake City, mostly in Iowa or the Omaha area. Only a few may have stayed three to five years before continuing to Utah.

What is the Mormon Trail and why is it important?

Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah. After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.

What happened on the Mormon Trail?

On the June 19 the pioneers’ company left the North Platte and rolled southwestward toward the Sweetwater River. On June 23 they reached Independence Rock, one of the most famous landmarks on the entire Mormon Trail. William Clayton wrote in his journal: “We can see a hugh pile of rocks to the southwest a few miles.

What is the Mormon Trail?

historical trail, United States. Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree…. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, …

Where did the Mormon Trail end?

The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide, and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake, in what is today Salt Lake City. The route was designated a national historic trail by the U.S. National Park Service. Mormons on their trek from Illinois to Utah, 1846. Photos.com/Thinkstock.

Where did the Mormons go on the Mormon Trail?

See Article History. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.

Who proposed the Mormon Trail?

Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Beginning in 1846, thousands of Mormons traversed a route that would later be called the Mormon Trail. Following existing pioneer trails through Iowa, the group established winter quarters in Omaha, Nebraska.

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What is a National Historic Trail (NHT)?

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What did the Mormons do on June 21?

On June 21 the Mormons paused to clamber up Independence Rock, one of the most famous landmarks on the trail, and offer prayers.

How many miles did Brigham Young’s carriage take?

The Mormons followed and improved their track over the most rugged 116 miles of the entire westward journey. Along this stretch of trail, Brigham Young became very ill and fell behind the main company, which entered the Salt Lake Valley two days ahead of him. On July 24, 1847, Young’s carriage rolled into the Mormon camp located in today’s downtown …

How many Mormons followed the Transcontinental Railroad?

From 1847 to 1868, when the transcontinental railroad reached Utah, nearly 70,000 Mormons would follow the trail to the Great Salt Lake Valley.

How many men were in the 1847 Vanguard?

Moreover, the 1847 vanguard company would be limited to a handpicked party of 144 men, three wives, and two small boys. They would start in early spring, soon followed by the main body of emigrants. On April 5, the first Mormon wagon train rolled out of Winter Quarters.

Where did the Mormons go on July 9th?

There on July 9 the Mormons branched off the Oregon Trail onto the Hastings Cutoff, angling southwesterly toward today’s Utah. The previous year, the California-bound Donner-Reed Party had gone this way and grubbed a new wagon track through the Wasatch Mountains to reach the Salt Lake Valley.

When did the Mormons arrive in Salt Lake City?

On July 24, 1847, Young’s carriage rolled into the Mormon camp located in today’s downtown Salt Lake City. His people were already at work digging irrigation ditches and planting crops for the oncoming emigration. From 1847 to 1868, when the transcontinental railroad reached Utah, nearly 70,000 Mormons would follow the trail to …

Where did the North Bank Trail end?

The north-bank trail ended in eastern Wyoming, forcing the Mormon company to cross the North Platte River at Fort John (soon to become Fort Laramie) and merge with the general emigration on the Oregon Trail.

How did the Mormons migrate?

Heavy rains turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into axle-deep mud. Furthermore, few pioneers carried adequate provisions for the trip. The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people, all contributed to the difficulties they endured. The Mormon migration came to be known for its preparedness, orderliness, discipline, safety, and effective organization, but that was later. The diaries written in those cold wagons during February and March yield a picture of confusion, disorder, and severe hardship. On March 27, 1846, Brigham Young issued instructions to organize the group into companies of 100s, 50s, and 10s.

Why did the Mormons burn their homes?

In September 1845 more than 200 Mormon homes and farm buildings were burned in an attempt to force the Mormons to leave the area. A move to the Far West had been discussed by LDS Church leaders as early as 1842, with Oregon, California, and Texas considered as potential destinations.

Why did the Mormons leave Nauvoo?

Under the leadership of Brigham Young the Mormons left Nauvoo earlier than planned because of the revocation of their city charter, growing rumors of U.S. government intervention, and fears that federal troops would march on the city. They left Nauvoo on February 4, 1846.

When was the Mormon Trail developed?

On March 27, 1846, Brigham Young issued instructions to organize the group into companies of 100s, 50s, and 10s. A scene along the Mormon trail. The historic Mormon Trail developed in two stages: (1) from Sugar Creek across Iowa to Council Bluffs in the winter and spring of 1846, and (2) from Winter Quarters near Council Bluffs to …

How many miles did the Mormons travel?

Making about 13 miles a day, their journey brought them on June 12 to where the Oregon Trail crossed the North Platte, 124 miles from Fort Laramie. Here (at present Casper) the Mormons remained six days, hunting and fishing and building rafts to ferry wagons.

What were the difficulties of the Mormon migration?

The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people, all contributed to the difficulties they endured. The Mormon migration came to be known for its preparedness, orderliness, discipline, safety, and effective organization, but that was later.

What were the main groups that moved west in the 1800s?

One of the largest groups to move west was the Mormons. From 1847 to 1868, 70,000 Mormon pioneers made the trek on foot, in wagon trains, or handcart companies to “Zion” …

How many Mormons traveled the Mormon Trail?

Mormon Trail Facts: Mormon Handcart Family. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah.

What states were gutted by the Mormon Trail?

The Mormons used many trails in crossing the Great Plains and through the Rocky Mountains to their haven by the inland salty sea. The States of Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming were gutted and rutted with many different trails of wheel-marks made by their caravans …

How many handcarts were there in the Mormons?

Handcarts were the least typical way of arriving in the valley. There were 10 total handcart companies that migrated between 1856 and 1860, bringing around 3,000 Mormons, about 5% percent of the overall migration.

Why did Mormons use different routes?

While several well-defined and traveled trails were in existence leading from the Missouri River through the mountains, the Mormons seemed inclined to make use of different routes that would parallel or intercept the regular trails. Perhaps this was caused largely by the state of feeling that existed between them and the general public.

Where did the Mormons cross the Blue River?

There, they crossed the stream and bore to the north, passing near the present town of Ogden; then north to the Big Blue River, following up the west side of this stream past Garrison’s Crossing and Randolph, crossing Fancy Creek near the latter place. Then, they went northward across the prairies to the Little Blue River, near the present site of Waterville, and joined with another branch that had left the old Oregon Trail somewhere in the northeast corner of Pottawatomie County after crossing Vermillion Creek, and had borne almost directly west to the junction of the Blue River, crossing below and going northwest past Waterville into Washington County, towards its northwest corner. On Ash Creek, about three miles south of the present-day town of Washington, was a spring nearby a high sand-rock wall, upon which many of the Mormons carved their names. This was called “Mormon Springs” by the early pioneers.

Where did the Mormons winter?

Some 15,000 Mormons wintered at Florence and Council Bluffs the first year of their migration from Nauvoo, Illinois and thousands of them annually traveled across Iowa through these portals over the northern trail up the north valley of the Platte River to their destination.

What were the most common causes of death on the trail?

The most common cause of death on the trail were trail accidents, disease, and accidental shootings . Accidental shootings, including self-inflicted, were so common that many train leaders banned the carrying of loaded weapons close to camps. Salt Lake City, Utah by James Ackerman, 1851.

What is the Mormon Trail?

The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Smith said that he had been directed to the plates by an angel named Moroni, who also had given him divine tools for translating the ancient inscriptions into English. Smith used these to produce new Scripture called the Book of Mormon. In 1830, in western New York, he organized a legal entity that would become The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. His followers, who regarded Smith as a prophet, became known as Mormons.

When did the first wagons cross the Mississippi?

On February 4, 1846, the first wagons ferried across the Mississippi to Iowa.

Where was Joseph Smith arrested?

For that he and others were arrested and jailed at Carthage, Illinois. On June 27, 1844, a mob broke into the jail and murdered Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum. Other vigilantes attacked Mormon farms around Nauvoo in an attempt to expel them.

July 21, 1847

Orson Pratt and Erastus Snow were the scouts for the first group. They arrived on July 21 and explored major portions of the valley. From a discourse delivered by Erastus Snow on July 25, 1880:

July 22, 1847

The first wagons moved downstream toward the mouth of Emigration Canyon. Since the route over Donner Hill was too rough, the Mormons spent four hours cutting a mile-and-a-half of new road around the north end of Donner Hill to rejoin the Donner tracks on the high ground south of present Hogle Zoo.

July 23, 1847

On this morning, the group backtracked about a mile to avoid the very tall grass and marshy areas where Parley’s, Emigration, and Red Butte Creeks converged.

July 24, 1847

This is the day which Brigham Young arrived in the valley.

Trails After July 24, 1847

On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak.

What was the busiest year for the Mormon Trail?

As a result of improved organization and funding, the 1850s included the busiest years for the Mormon Trail. Sailing from Liverpool to New Orleans took about two months. Sailing from Liverpool to New York City took about one month. Jean Rio Baker brought her violin from England to Utah in 1851. This graphic compares a wagon company in 1856 …

How long did Brigham Young stay in the Salt Lake Valley?

After just two weeks in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young and other members of the Quorum of the Twelve returned to the camps along the Missouri River to prepare their families for the journey west. As they traveled east, they passed westbound wagons that had left Winter Quarters in June. About 2,100 pioneers in 13 wagon companies journeyed to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. Most arrived in September or early October.

What was Brigham Young’s revelation?

In January 1847, Brigham Young received a revelation now included as section 136 in the Doctrine and Covenants. Besides practical advice about organizing wagon companies for traveling, the Lord also urged His Apostles to rely on Him along their way. Strengthened by this revelation, Brigham Young’s vanguard company set out in April and arrived at the Great Salt Lake Valley in July. This company of 143 men, 3 women, and 2 children kept careful records that benefited all who followed.

What was the first Mormon settlement in Iowa?

The first temporary Mormon settlement in Iowa was Garden Grove.

What was the name of the ship that sailed through California in 1846?

Routes through California, 1846–1848. The sailing ship Brooklyn left New York Harbor in February 1846, bound for California under the leadership of Samuel Brannan. The Brooklyn carried 239 Latter-day Saints and supplies for anticipated Mormon settlements in the West. That summer, the United States declared war on Mexico in hopes …

How many Saints were there in Nauvoo?

About 700 Saints remained in Nauvoo, many of them ill and without means to travel. Mobs forced them out of the city in September 1846. Rescue teams returned east to help them rejoin the Saints at Garden Grove, Mount Pisgah, and other settlements across Iowa.

How far did the Brooklyn ship travel?

The ship Brooklyn traveled 24,000 miles from New York to San Francisco.