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where does the silk road travel

where does the silk road travel插图

Between China and the Mediterranean
The Silk Roadis a historically important international trade routebetween China and the Mediterranean. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road,in 1877,it was named the ‘Silk Road’ by Ferdinand von Richthofen,an eminent German geographer.

What were the benefits for traveling along the Silk Road?

Why China’s Silk Road Is So Important – 10 Reasons that Changed the WorldThe Longest Land Trade Route Connected the Most Powerful Civilizations. …Four Big Invasions Changed the World. Greek: First,the Macedonians and Greeks conquered Persia,and then Alexander the Great followed the Silk Road routes westward to Tajikistan where he …Plagues and Disease Destroyed Continents. …More items…

What countries are along the Silk Road?

The Silk Road trade played a significant role in the development of the civilizations of China, Korea, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, Iran, Europe, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance political and economic relations between those civilizations.

What are three ways people traveled on the Silk Road?

Transportation along Silk RoadHorses on the Silk Road. The horse,in ancient China,has always been a symbol of national vitality and a symbol of national strength.Camels on the Silk Road. Important as horses were,the camel was arguably of far greater significance in the history of the Silk Road.Caravans on the Silk Road. …

How many days does it take the travel the Silk Road?

The silk road is as long as 7000km,passing different countries. Tours covering different areas are arranged by tour company. The total journey time ranges from 11 days to more than 1 months.

How did the Silk Road affect the world?

It is hard to overstate the importance of the Silk Road on history. Religion and ideas spread along the Silk Road just as fluidly as goods. Towns along the route grew into multicultural cities. The exchange of information gave rise to new technologies and innovations that would change the world. The horses introduced to China contributed to the might of the Mongol Empire, while gunpowder from China changed the very nature of war in Europe and beyond. Diseases also traveled along the Silk Road. Some research suggests that the Black Death, which devastated Europe in the late 1340s C.E., likely spread from Asia along the Silk Road. The Age of Exploration gave rise to faster routes between the East and West, but parts of the Silk Road continued to be critical pathways among varied cultures. Today, parts of the Silk Road are listed on UNESCO ’s World Heritage List.

Why is the Silk Road called the Silk Road?

Although the trade network is commonly referred to as the Silk Road, some historians favor the term Silk Routes because it better reflects the many paths taken by traders. The Silk Road extended approximately 6,437 kilometers (4,000 miles) across some of the world’s most formidable landscapes, including the Gobi Desert and the Pamir Mountains.

What is the Silk Road?

Today, parts of the Silk Road are listed on UNESCO ’s World Heritage List. A tourist looks around the ancient city of Kharanaq, Iran. Towns such as these played a crucial role in the operation and success of the Silk Road. (1400s-1800s) period during which Europeans traveled the world by ocean in search of trade.

What goods did the Silk Road bring?

Other favorite commodities from Asia included jade and other precious stones, porcelain, tea, and spices. In exchange, horses, glassware, textile s, and manufactured goods traveled eastward.

What did horses contribute to the Mongol Empire?

The horses introduced to China contributed to the might of the Mongol Empire, while gunpowder from China changed the very nature of war in Europe and beyond. Diseases also traveled along the Silk Road.

Why were robbers common?

Robbers were common. To protect themselves, traders joined together in caravan s with camels or other pack animals. Over time, large inns called caravanserai s cropped up to house travelling merchants. Few people traveled the entire route, giving rise to a host of middlemen and trading posts along the way.

What is caravanserai?

group of people who travel together for safety and companionship through difficult territory. caravanserai. Noun. inn with a central courtyard often found in the desert that served travelers along the Silk Road in Asia and North Africa.

Why was the Silk Road untraveled?

With the gradual loss of Roman territory in Asia and the rise of Arabian power in the Levant, the Silk Road became increasingly unsafe and untraveled. In the 13th and 14th centuries the route was revived under the Mongols, and at that time the Venetian Marco Polo used it to travel to Cathay (China). It is now widely thought that the route was one of the main ways that plague bacteria responsible for the Black Death pandemic in Europe in the mid-14th century moved westward from Asia.

How long did the Silk Road last?

The trade route from China to Asia Minor and India, known as the Silk Road, had been in existence for 1,400 years at the time of Marco Polo’s travels ( c. ad 1270–90). It came into partial existence about 300 bc, when it was…

What did the Chinese export to the Western world?

Chinese merchants exported silk to Western buyers. From Rome and later from Christian kingdoms, wools, gold, and silver traveled eastward.

How did the Silk Road become unsafe?

Few persons traveled the entire route, and goods were handled in a staggered progression by middlemen. With the gradual loss of Roman territory in Asia and the rise of Arabian power in the Levant, the Silk Road became increasingly unsafe and untraveled.

What was the Silk Road?

Silk Road, also called Silk Route, ancient trade route, linking China with the West, that carried goods and ideas between the two great civilizations of Rome and China. Silk went westward, and wools, gold, and silver went east. China also received Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism (from India) via the Silk Road.

What is the encyclopedia Britannica?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. … See Article History. Alternative Title: Silk Route.

How long was the caravan track?

Its length was about 4,000 miles (more than 6 ,400 km). Goods were then shipped to Europe via the Mediterranean Sea.

What to do in Kazakhstan during National Geographic?

Begin the day with meeting representatives of National Geographic Kazakhstan for an interactive presentation on Kazakhstan’s ancient cities. Then, visit a contemporary art gallery that showcases the work of established and emerging artists from Kazakhstan and other post-Soviet countries; and get a chance to chat with one of the artists. After lunch, enjoy some free time before heading to the airport to catch a flight to Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan’s capital city.

What to do in Bukhara?

Explore Bukhara’s ancient fortress with a local archaeologist, meet with a rabbi in the old Jewish quarter; and learn to prepare Uzbekistan’s national dish, the mouthwatering plov.

What are the five Silk Road countries?

Journey to the ancient crossroads of Asia and explore five fabled Silk Road countries—Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

Where is Panjakent located?

Embark on a day trip to the city of Panjakent in Tajikistan, a former settlement of the pre-Islamic Sogdiana civilization located on the banks of the Zeravshan River. Delve into the Iranian heritage of this ancient city with visits to the ruins of Zoroastrian temples, a necropolis, and a residential area. Discover Sogdian artifacts at the Rudaki Museum, named after the 9th-century Persian poet Rudaki; and meet with a spokesperson from a local NGO to hear about development efforts in modern Panjakent. Back in Samarqand, enjoy dinner hosted by a local family in their home.

Where to visit in Bukhara?

Continue your exploration of Bukhara on foot with a visit to the 10th-century Samanid mausoleum. Pause at the vividly colored Bolo-Hauz Mosque, and visit the fifth-century Ark, the massive fortified residence of the emirs of Bukhara, and join an archaeologist for a tour of its private exhibitions. This afternoon, make your way to the old Jewish quarter, home to a community of Bukharan Jews who speak their own dialect of Tajik-Persian mixed with Hebrew. Meet with a local rabbi and visit the Synagogue of Bukhara and the Jewish cemetery. Alternatively, head outside the city center to the opulent summer palace of the Bukharan emirs and venture to the serene mausoleum of Bahauddin Naqshband, the founder of the Naqshbandi order of Sufis and one of the most revered figures in the Muslim world. Round off the day with a master class in the art of making plov, Central Asia’s national dish, consisting of rice, vegetables, and meat cooked in a spice-infused broth. Enjoy this aromatic feast for dinner at a local home.

Where is the oldest city in Uzbekistan?

One of the oldest cities in Uzbekistan, Tashkent was once a major trading post on the Silk Road. Tour this eclectic Uzbek capital, strolling past the blue-domed mosques and mausoleums of Khast Imam Square; and take a look at the aged pages of the Quran of Uthman, believed to be one of the oldest extant copies of the holy book. Wander through piles of colorful spices, dried fruit, and fragrant rice at Chorsu Bazaar; and pay a visit to the Museum of Applied Arts—a collection of Uzbek handicrafts housed in the lavish former mansion of a Russian imperial diplomat. Later, we enjoy a visit to the private studio of a family that has been creating traditional ceramics for six generations.

Where to visit in Samarqand?

Explore Registan Square, home to some of the finest examples of Islamic architecture in the world, and see the glittering turquoise dome of the Bibi Khanum Mosque, dedicated to Timur’s favorite wife. Stroll through the historic Siab Bazaar, and visit the Shah-i-Zinda necropolis, adorned in a stunning spectrum of blue tiles. Tonight, unwind in the city of Samarqand and enjoy an evening at leisure.

How long is the Silk Road tour?

If you have visited Xian and would like a deeper exploration, then Gansu’s Hexi Corridor (Zhangye, Jiayuguan and Dunhuang) – essence of ancient Silk Road is the best recommendation and a classic trip takes about 6 days.

How long does it take to travel the Silk Road?

It can take a few days to a few weeks and months.

How many kilometers is the Silk Road?

The Silk Road stretches more than 7,000 kilometers, connecting most lands of Asia and Europe. It is not easy to "follow" the Silk Road on the map, because there are several mail routes which also have many branches. Don’t worry, we will make your study easier.

Where is the Silk Road?

Covering a vast area in western China, the silk road has left countless ancient relics, stunning landscapes, and delicate treasures for visitors to appreciate and explore. If you are planning a trip along the silk road in China, the following map will be very useful with the must-visit silk road cities marked.

Where are the Mogao Caves?

There are well-known Mogao Caves (Mogao Grottoes) in Dunhuang, the bustling Sunday Bazaar in Kashgar and exotic customs in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and more …

How long has the Silk Road been around?

From the time Zhang Qian pioneered the world-famous Silk Road during the Han Dynasty, until the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, it enjoyed a history of about 1,600 years.

Why is the Silk Road important?

Silk Road. The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road, in 1877, it was named the ‘Silk Road’ by Ferdinand von Richthofen, an eminent German geographer. It is now included in the World Heritage List …

What do the pictures on the trade route show?

The pictures show the stunning scenery of this time-honored trade route. They display not only the beauty of places of historical places, but also the natural wonders.

What are the essentials for a tourist?

It is necessary for tourists be aware of some travel essentials when they are on the road, such as weather, food, drink, accommodation, transportation and customs of minorities. Here provides detailed information about them.

Where is the Silk Road?

In fact, besides the Silk Road in the northwest of China, there are another two trade roads in the southwest of China and by sea, which also contributed greatly to the development of the world. They are called the " Southern Silk Road " and the " Silk Road on the Sea ".

Why is it called ‘Silk’ Road?

This craft skill reached a fairly advanced level in the Zhou Dynasty (1046 – 256 BC). As the major export to Europe, and being the representative handicraft of this ancient country , ‘silk’ was used to name this great route by German geographer, Ferdinand von Richthofen.

What landforms did the Silk Road traverse?

It traversed different landforms: lofty mountains, wide prairies, and arid deserts. Horses and camels were the commonly used means of transport. Many sites of ancient cities and palaces can be seen along the way. Buddhism was introduced into China through the Silk Road.

What was the purpose of the Silk Road?

As the transportation developed not very well in ancient times, the Silk Road had served as the communication bridge of economy, politics and cultures between the oriental countries and western countries.

How was silk introduced to the world?

China’s silk fabric was introduced into western countries through this old trade route. People were unfamiliar with this product at the beginning, and made many guesses at how it was produced. According to the record, the idea that silk was picked from trees was widely accepted by folks in Europe. Clothes made of this fabric were always best sellers, and were considered a social status symbol. Even the gorgeous Egyptian queen, Cleopatra, was also a big fan of the silk. This fascination led to an increasing demand for this product, and promoted the development of this trading route.

When was chinaware invented?

Originating in the Shang Dynasty (17th century – 1046 BC), chinaware has been a distinctive handicraft of China. The workmanship peaked in the Tang Dynasty.

What was the route that developed into three branches, trading silk, porcelain, and tea?

Then ties with the Europe were formed through this road. Sui and Tang (581 – 907) The route developed into three branches, trading silk, porcelain, and tea. It entered the golden age, together with the maritime route, which even reached Japan. Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368)

What is the oldest trade route in the world?

World’s Oldest and Longest Trade Route. The term ’Silk Road’ in a narrow sense refers to an ancient overland trade route formed in the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC – 9 AD). This route stretched 4,350 miles from Chang’an (today’s Xi’an) to western China, central Asia, and even to Europe, enabling these regions to have better communications in …

What is the Western Silk Road?

Western Silk Road in China. Yangguang and Yumenguan Pass are two gates to the West Regions. The Silk Road left Dunhuang, then divided into two routes.

Why did the southern route become the major trade route?

This route later became the major trade route because of short length and better supply. The southern route left Chang’an (from Luoyang in later Han), went via Tianshui, Lintao and Linxia, crossed Yellow River in Yongjing, then passed Xining to Zhangye.

How long was the Silk Road?

Stretching about 4,000 miles (6,437 kilometers), the Silk Road started from the ancient great China capital city Chang’an (today’s Xi’an), and later from Luoyang during East Han Dynasty.

What is the Silk Road?

China has a long history with splendid culture with abundant resources, the "Silk Road" is definitely a world-famous route for international economic trades, connecting Asia, Africa, and Europe. It is the earliest commercial trade route in ancient times. The Silk Road extended more than 7,000 kilometers. While more than half of the whole length was located in China. In China, the Silk Road routes consisted of two sections: Eastern Silk Road and Western Silk Road.

How long does it take to travel the Silk Road?

It can take a few days to a few weeks and months.

What is the maritime route?

The Maritime Silk Road or Maritime Silk Route often refers to the maritime section of Silk Road that connects China to Southeast Asia, the Indonesian archipelago , the Indian subcontinent , the Arabian peninsula, etc. There are mainly 3 routes. ① The eastern ocean route runs from China along the harbor to North Korea and Japan. ② The southern maritime route runs from China along the seaport to Southeast Asian countries. ③ The western route runs from China along the seaport to the coastal countries of South Asia, Arabia, and East Africa.

Why is the Silk Road important?

It is the formation of this channel that made an important contribution to the earliest international trades. Now the silk road has become a world heritage site.

What was the Silk Road?

Eastward Exploration. Sources. The Silk Road was a network of trade routes connecting China and the Far East with the Middle East and Europe. Established when the Han Dynasty in China officially opened trade with the West in 130 B.C., the Silk Road routes remained in use until 1453 A.D., when the Ottoman Empire boycotted trade with China …

Why did Marco Polo use the Silk Road?

The Silk Road routes also opened up means of passage for explorers seeking to better understand the culture and geography of the Far East. Venetian explorer Marco Polo famously used the Silk Road to travel from Italy to China, which was then under the control of the Mongolian Empire, where they arrived in 1275.

Why is the Silk Road called the Silk Road?

Even though the name “Silk Road” derives from the popularity of Chinese silk among tradesmen in the Roman Empire and elsewhere in Europe, the material was not the only important export from the East to the West.

What was the purpose of the Silk Road?

The Silk Road routes included a large network of strategically located trading posts, markets and thoroughfares designed to streamline the transport, exchange, distribution and storage of goods.

How long has the Silk Road been used?

Although it’s been nearly 600 years since the Silk Road has been used for international trade, the routes had a lasting impact on commerce, culture and history that resonates even today.

How long did Marco Polo spend in Asia?

In all, the explorer spent 24 years in Asia, working in Kublai Khan’s court, perhaps as a tax collector. Marco Polo returned to Venice, again via the Silk Road routes, in 1295, just as the Mongolian Empire was in decline.

What changed the cuisine of Europe?

In addition, the rich spices of the East quickly became popular in the West, and changed cuisine across much of Europe.