when carrying a load travel with the lift mechanism
Lift the load and tilt it back a little more before traveling. Carrying the load Keep the forks6 to 10 inchesabove the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.File Size:415KBPage Count:2
How do you safely carry a load on a forklift?
Carrying the load Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
What are the requirements for lifting and carrying the load?
Lift and carry the load is done with straight downward turned arms. The employer shall ensure that lifting equipment provided for use at work is safe, i.e. that it is: sufficiently strong, stable and suitable for the proposed use. Similarly, the load and anything attached (e.g. timber pallets, lifting points) must be suitable
What is the difference between load and lifting?
A load is the item or items being lifted which could include a person or people. A lifting operation may be performed manually or using lifting equipment. Manual lifting, holding, putting down, carrying or moving is often referred to as ‘manual handling of loads’ .
How do you lift and carry the load?
Lift and carry the load is done with straight downward turned arms. The employer shall ensure that lifting equipment provided for use at work is safe, i.e. that it is: sufficiently strong, stable and suitable for the proposed use.
How to operate a stand-up forklift?
Two main ways of operating a forklift exist. Operating while sitting down, and operating while standing up .
How to make a forklift more secure?
By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
How to travel with a load?
Drive under the load until it touches the carriage. Tilt the forks back to shift the weight of the load and make it more stable. If the load is unbalanced, keep the heavier end closer to you. Tilt the mast back. Lift the load and tilt it back a little more before traveling. When Traveling with a Load the Load Should be Lifted.
How high should a forklift be before unloading?
If unloading onto a stack: position the forklift properly before lifting the forks; check for overhead clearance before raising the load; raise and position the load to the correct height – 2 inches above the stack; allow 2 to 3 inches of clearance at the sides and back of the load; move the load slowly into position;
What is the importance of a forklift?
Forklift carrying loads. As more forklift options and attachments become available, it is increasingly important for forklift operators to have a clear understanding of their forklift’s load capacity and the risks that are involved in exceeding it .
Why spread forks wide?
Spread the forks as wide as possible for even distribution and load stability.
How far should you lower forklifts?
once you are clear, stop the forklift and lower the forks as far as possible. On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches above the floor. On rough terrain, lift the forks higher to accommodate uneven ground. When Traveling with a Load the Load Should be Lifted.
What is a swivel eyebolt?
Swivel eyebolts offer the most versatile anchor points for attaching chains and enables loading from different lifting angles. They adapt and adjust to the direction of pull and can swivel the full 360 degree where bolt is not coming out.
What is a pallet truck?
They are manually operated or powered industrial lift truck or forklift that are used to move one or more pallets at a time. Pallet trucks are of major use in any virtual condition where pallets are required to be shifted. The pallet trucks perform best when used in transport purposes for either full or partial pallet loads at long distances. They can also be used to load and unload trucks, and also for low-level order picking.
Why use web slings?
Web slings are the most preferred because of the versatile behavior they possesses. Round slings are the lightweight and simple to use with a unique color code to check safe working loads for each color with different loads.
What is a shackle in rigging?
A shackle can be termed as the similarly shaped piece of metal used which can be used with a locking mechanism in padlocks.
What is lifting sling?
Lifting slings help personnel at construction sites to transport materials from one location to another with utmost convenience and safety. They are the perfect choice for extremely heavy and bulky materials or equipment that are beyond limit.
What are chain shackles?
Bow and chain shackles are the two major types of shackles used in the different application areas. The round shape of bow shackles allows them to carry loads from multiple directions, while the chain shackles are designed to take heavy loads primarily in line.
What is a sling made of?
While chain slings are the high grade and durable chains, textile slings are the lightweight and flexible product, made of nylon and polyester.
What is lifting equipment?
Lifting equipment includes any equipment or machinery used at work for lifting or lowering loads or people, including accessories and attachments used for anchoring, fixing or supporting the equipment . There is a wide range of lifting equipment in the construction industry.
How to manage risks in lifting equipment?
Effective action should be taken to manage risks by ensuring the lifting equipment is not used until the defect is remedied. Such defects must be confirmed in writing in the report, even if it is remedied immediately (e.g. by destruction of a sling). The person making the report must also notify the relevant enforcing authority with a copy of the report. Enforcing authorities may follow up such reports to check that risks are being adequately managed.
What is lifting operation?
A lifting operation is an operation concerned with the lifting and lowering of a load. A load is the item or items being lifted which could include a person or people. A lifting operation may be performed manually or using lifting equipment.
Why do lifting equipment accidents happen?
Accidents may happen because lifting equipment is not inspected and maintained regularly. All equipment should be thoroughly examined prior to it being put into service and after there has been any major alteration that could affect its operation. Lifting equipment may need to be thoroughly examined at intervals laid down in an examination scheme drawn up by a competent person, taking into account the manufacturer’s recommendations and national regulations. All examinations must be undertaken by a competent person who is sufficiently independent and impartial in order that an objective decision can be made.
What is a MEWP?
Lifting equipment for lifting people: An aerial work platform, elevating work platform, or mobile elevating work platform (MEWP), is a mechanical device used to provide temporary access for people or equipment to inaccessible areas, usually at height.
What is a hoist?
A hoist: is a device used for lifting or lowering a load by means of a drum or lift-wheel around which rope or chain wraps. It may be manually operated, electrically or pneumatically driven and may use chain, fibre or wire rope as its lifting medium.
What is a tower crane?
A tower crane: is a balance crane that consists of the same basic parts. Fixed to the ground on a concrete slab, tower cranes offer height and high lifting capacity. The base is then attached to the mast which gives the crane its height. The mast is attached to the slewing unit (gear and motor) that allows the crane to rotate.
How long should forks be on pallet?
Slide the forks into the pallet until they are fully under the load. The forks should be at least two-thirds the length of the load
What is a forklift used for?
Forklifts are used for picking up, transporting, stacking and unstacking loads. The following are safe operating rules for each step of safe load handling:
Why does a forklift tip?
Improperly distributed loads may tip the forklift because the center of gravity has shifted. Potential Hazards. Before handling loads, be aware of the following: Off-center loads which may cause tipover or falling loads. Overloading which may cause tipover or falling loads.
Why tilt mast back?
Figure 6. Tilting the mast back reduces the load distance and makes the load safer to carry.
What is the center of gravity of a forklift?
The load center is the distance from the face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity. Many forklifts are rated using a 24-inch load center, which means that the load’s center of gravity must be 24 inches or less from the face of the forks. (In this illustration, the red arrow represents the fulcrum and the black and white circle under …
Why do you travel with a mast tilted back?
Travel with the mast tilted back to keep the load stable.
How to adjust forks?
Center the weight of the load between the forks. Adjust the forks to distribute the weight evenly. Note that forks are adjustable either manually or with a fork positioner.
What to do if a forklift is disabled?
[ 29 CFR 1910.178 (m) (2)] Turn the key to OFF, and stop the engine. Remove the key. Get off the forklift without jumping.
What are the rules for operating a forklift?
Forklift operators must follow safe operating rules at all times. Operators must always maintain control of the forklift, keep a proper lookout, and operate the forklift at speeds safe for the particular operation and worksite conditions. Mounting and dismounting. Starting/stopping.
Where must the driver slow down and sound the horn?
The driver must slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed . If the load being carried obstructs forward view, the driver shall be required to travel with the load trailing. [ 29 CFR 1910.178 (n) (4)]
What is collision with pedestrians and obstacles caused by?
Collision with pedestrians and obstacles caused by inattention and not being able to stop in time.
How to reduce speed while negotiating turns?
While negotiating turns, speed shall be reduced to a safe level by turning the steering wheel in a smooth, sweeping motion. [ 29 CFR 1910.178 (n) (15) ].
When a powered industrial truck is left unattended, what does it mean?
When a powered industrial truck is left unattended, load engaging means shall be fully lowered, controls shall be neutralized, power shall be shut off, and brakes set. Wheels shall be blocked if the truck is parked on an incline. [ 29 CFR 1910.178 (m) (5) (i)]
How to increase visibility in reverse?
Be aware of limited visibility, and use extreme caution when driving in reverse. Consider the use of ground guides, rear-view mirrors, spotters, or other aids to increase visibility. Consider the noise level in your workplace. Do not assume pedestrians or bystanders are able to hear a back-up alarm.