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how fast did the concorde travel

how fast did the concorde travel插图

Mach 2.04
The ConcordeConcordeThe Arospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound at Mach 2.04, with seating for 92 to 128 passengers. First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in …en.wikipedia.orgwas a turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner which operated from 1976 until 2003. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound atMach 2.04with seating for 92 to 128 passengers. First flown in 1969 Concorde entered service with Air France and British Airways in 1976.

What could the Concorde fly faster than the speed of?

The world-famous Concorde was designed in the 1970s as an extremely high-speed passenger airliner capable of flying faster than the speed of sound from London to New York in little under 4 hours!It was also the first aircraft to carry more passengers than pilots. The Concorde’s maximum speed was approximately 2,230 miles per hour or 3,520 kilometers per hour.

What was the top speed of Concorde?

What was the top speed of Concorde? 1,354 mph. How fast could Concorde fly from London to New York? Concorde’s fastest transatlantic crossing was on 7 February 1996 when it completed the New York to London flight in 2 hours 52 minutes and 59 seconds….About Concorde.

What is the average speed of a Concorde?

Concorde had a maximum cruising altitude of 18,300 metres (60,000 ft) and an average cruise speed of Mach 2.02 (2,150 km/h; 1,330 mph), more than twice the speed of conventional aircraft. [136]

How fast did Concorde fly in miles per hour?

The Concorde’s maximum speed was approximately 2,230 miles per hour or 3,520 kilometers per hour. Concorde was developed by France and Britain and was in service from 1976 until 2003 when it was finally canceled due to high costs and poor sales.

How did Concorde travel so fast?

Subsonic jets simply do not compare to the speed of the Concorde. While they travel at an average speed of around 575 mph, Concorde more than doubles that.

What is the Concorde known for?

Concorde is known for many things but, most notably, its speed. It has gone down in the history books for the fastest crossing between New York and London, but just how fast did it go?

Why was the Concorde a supersonic jet?

Creating a supersonic jet was not in the interest of making it into the history books. Its speed was integral to advancing the aviation industry at the time. The Concorde was catering for those time-conscious passengers who had money to spend on luxurious first class.

How does the Concorde work?

The Concorde is streamlined from its body to wings and extending nose. Its design means that the Concorde can reduce drag. Because the Concorde can cruise at 60,000ft, the forces of nature work with it. The higher up, the less air pressure and consequently less fuel burn. A streamlined design helped the Concorde.

How fast was the Concorde from New York to London?

Just how fast? On February 7th, 1996, BA flew the Concorde from New York to London in an impressive two hours, 52 minutes and 59 seconds. The aircraft reached a top speed on its flight of 1,350mph.

Which airline has the fastest Atlantic crossing?

Subsonic, or regular, aircraft had never come close to such a speedy flight. This year, British Airways was able to set the record for the fastest non-supersonic Atlantic crossing thanks to Storm Ciara. With strong tailwinds, a BA Boeing 747 left New York and landed in London after just four hours and 56 minutes.

What is Laura’s passion?

Journalist – A graduate in English and Spanish with a background in journalism, Laura has a passion for the environment and the future sustainability of aviation. Her dedication to women’s issues and low carbon technology brings a unique flavor to her work, with publications including the Los Angeles Times keen to cite her research. Based in the UK.

When was Concorde retired?

On April 10, 2003 Air France and British Airways announced they would be retiring their fleet of Concorde aircraft.

Where are the retired Concorde aircraft?

Twenty Concorde planes were built in France and the UK – six prototype and development aircraft and 14 service planes which were operated by Air France and British Airways.

Were there attempts to save Concorde?

In 2003 Sir Richard Branson announced that Virgin Atlantic was interested in buying the fleet.

What is the future of supersonic flight?

What’s the future of supersonic flight? In 2016 Sir Richard Branson announced plans to launch a new supersonic passenger jet dubbed Concorde II, which it is claimed will be able to speed from London to New York in just three-and-a-half hours.

How long has the Concorde been in service?

Concorde had been in service for 27 years, having made its first commercial flight on January 21, 1976.

What is the fastest flight in 2021?

Updated: 4:35 ET, Apr 15 2021. CONCORDE was once the last word in luxury flight and still holds the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic by a commercial aircraft.

Where is the Concorde 216?

The last Concorde built and the last to fly went on display in October 2017 at the Aerospace Bristol museum , a new £19m centre in Filton. Concorde number 216 was moved to its new home by engineers from British Airways and Airbus, who towed the iconic aircraft across Filton Airfield and up a ramp into the new purpose-built hangar.

What is Concorde’s service?

With superlative service and cuisine, exclusive airport lounges and stratospherically high airfares, Concorde passengers flew far above other flights, and cruised faster than fighter jets to their destinations.

How many times did the Concorde fly?

“The flight attendants loved being on it; the passengers loved being on it,” says CNN’s Richard Quest, who flew Concorde five times. “You were aware of being part of a very small group of people that were privileged enough to be on Concorde.

What was the first passenger plane to have afterburners?

Concorde was the first — and still only — passenger aircraft that had turbojet engines with afterburners. Called "reheat" by the British, raw fuel was introduced into the exhaust of the plane’s four engines, immediately increasing the engines’ thrust by almost 20%.

How many times did Fred Finn fly Concorde?

While Concorde had its regulars, including international businessman Fred Finn — who flew a record-setting 718 times — any number of novice passengers could be on board for their one-and-only supersonic experience.

When did the Concorde first fly?

Half a century ago, the legendary supersonic passenger airliner Concorde made its first test flight, on March 2, 1969. The Concorde 001 prototype took off from Toulouse, piloted by André Turcat, and first went supersonic on October 1.

What was the reason for the cancellation of the Concorde?

Passengers and crew on Concorde’s final flight left their mark on the airplane. By 1976, social pressure over concerns with the plane’s noise and sonic boom led to the cancellation of virtually all orders for Concorde, leaving British Airways and Air France as the only airlines to fly the SST.

What does Tye say about radio chatter?

The radio chatter between aircraft could get interesting, according to Tye. "We would often warn these slower aircraft we were coming past in case the sonic boom alarmed them, as we shot past faster than a rifle bullet."

What was the first European aircraft?

The Concorde was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft. On November 29, 1962, Britain and France signed a treaty to share costs and risks in producing an SST. British Aerospace and the French firm Aérospatiale were responsible for the airframe, while Britain’s Rolls-Royce and France’s SNECMA ( Société Nationale d’Étude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation) developed the jet engines. The result was a technological masterpiece, the delta-wing Concorde, which made its first flight on March 2, 1969. The Concorde had a maximum cruising speed of 2,179 km (1,354 miles) per hour, or Mach 2.04 (more than twice the speed of sound), allowing the aircraft to reduce the flight time between London and New York to about three hours. The development costs of the Concorde were so great that they could never be recovered from operations, and the aircraft was never financially profitable. Nevertheless, it proved that European governments and manufacturers could cooperate in complex ventures, and it helped to ensure that Europe would remain at the technical forefront of aerospace development.

When did Concorde stop flying?

Concorde operations were finally ceased by Air France in May 2003 and by British Airways in October 2003. Only 14 of the aircraft actually went into service. Concorde supersonic passenger transport, which first flew in 1969 and entered commercial service in 1976. British Aircraft Corporation and Aérospatiale of France built the airframe, …

What is the first supersonic plane?

aircraft. Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree…. Concorde, the first supersonic passenger-carrying commercial airplane (or supersonic transport, SST), …

What was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft?

The Concorde was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft. On November 29, 1962, Britain and France signed a treaty to share costs and risks in producing an SST.

What happened to the Concorde?

On July 25, 2000, a Concorde en route from Paris to New York City suffered engine failure shortly after takeoff when debris from a burst tire caused a fuel tank to rupture and burst into flames. The aircraft crashed into a small hotel and restaurant. All 109 persons on board, including 100 passengers and 9 crew members, died; 4 people on the ground were also killed.

Why did the Concorde retire?

The Concorde’s retirement was due to a number of factors . The supersonic aircraft was noisy and extremely expensive to operate, which restricted flight availability. The operating costs required fare pricing that was prohibitively high for many consumers.

How much did the Concorde cost in 1996?

In 1996 for example, British Airways charged $7,574 ($12,460, adjusted for 2020 inflation) for a round-trip flight from New York City to London.

How many turbojets did the Concorde have?

The aircraft boasted four Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 Mk610 turbojets. These were based on the Rolls-Royce Olympus engines found on the RAF’s Avro Vulcan strategic bombers.

How did the Concorde shockwaves affect the altitude of the Concorde?

Furthermore, the shockwaves that Concorde produced while flying at supersonic speeds resulted in high pressure below the wings. This provided substantial extra lift without increasing drag. This way key not just in terms of speed, but also in altitude.

How much thrust did the Concorde have?

When running ‘dry’ (without the afterburners), each of Concorde’s four engines produced 31,000 lbf of thrust.

What is the most iconic plane in the world?

Concorde is undoubtedly one of the most iconic airliners to ever grace the world’s skies. Photo: Eduard Marmet via Wikimedia Commons

Why was Concorde banned from flying over land?

Concorde was prohibited from flying supersonic over land due to the noise pollution from its sonic boom. Photo: Getty Images

Why is Concorde white?

Specifically, Concorde’s white paint was deliberately highly reflective. This allowed it to deflect some of the heat that arose during supersonic flight. The ability to deflect this heat was crucial in preventing overheating and damage to its aluminum structure.

Why is the Delta Wing so popular?

The reason for the delta wing’s popularity among military aircraft is that its design results in numerous advantages that are conducive to high-altitude supersonic flight. As such, Concorde made use of this design to profit in a similar way.

How long does it take to get from New York to London?

Nowadays, transatlantic flights from New York to London take anywhere between six to seven hours. Even with a tailwind and jet stream, reaching anywhere near the Concorde’s speed is inconceivable in a subsonic aircraft. However, last year did see another notable record marked by a British Airways flight.

What was the fastest transatlantic flight?

Yesterday marked the silver jubilee of the Concorde’s fastest transatlantic crossing. Flying from New York to London in 1996, the British Airways flight shattered the record and remains faster than any flight today.

How long did it take to get from JFK to Heathrow?

The Concorde successfully made the journey from JFK to Heathrow in just 2 hours, 52 minutes, and 59 seconds. The plane covered 6,035kms at a staggering speed of 2,010km/hr.

Why did the ATC have to speak with the pilots?

The pilots had to informally speak with ATC in both London and New York to ensure there were no delays during take off or landing. Additionally, safety had to remain paramount and the mission could have been abandoned at any moment.

Where did the Concorde take off from?

The flight took off from New York and quickly reached Mach 2 on its way to Heathrow. After a high-speed cruise, the flight faced a landing approach issue. The planned landing runway had all flights approaching from the east, but the Concorde was coming from the west.

Where did the Mach 2 take off from?

When the day of departure become, the crew’s calculations were accurate. The flight took off from New York and quickly reached Mach 2 on its way to Heathrow.

Did the pilots tell anyone onboard about their plans?

The pilots decided not to tell anyone onboard about their plans, opting to complete the flight first . Photo: Eric Salard via Wikimedia Commons

Why was the Concorde so rare?

The Concorde was a rare sight in Australia. First, the aircraft’s range was limited without refueling, and refueling for a flight to Australia (twice!) would be an operational challenge. Second, its relatively limited seating, for only 100 passengers, would have made the flight cost-prohibitive for most people on such a long route. Both BA and Air France made demonstration flights to various destinations, including Perth, Sydney and Melbourne, but there were no regularly scheduled Concorde operations making the 11,000-mile route. Too bad, as the “Kangaroo Route” would be an obvious choice for a quick trip.

Why was the Phil Collins flight delayed?

That honor rests with Washington’s Dulles airport, which granted permission for the Concorde to land there. JFK delayed the arrival of Concorde service due to concerns about noise.

What airline flies from LHR to JFK?

British Airways from LHR to JFK: The Classic Route. The British Airways Concorde takes off from Heathrow (Image by David Parker/BWP Media/Getty Images) BA operated Concorde on flights BA 001 and BA 002 to and from New York’s JFK, departing in the morning. The flights were timed to leave LHR at 10:30 am, arriving at 9:30am in New York, …

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How long was the fastest flight from Lisbon to Honolulu?

Many such flights were around-the-world tours. The fastest was a 1992 Air France charter flight lasting 32 hours , 49 minutes and 3 seconds from Lisbon, Portugal with refueling at Santo Domingo, Acapulco, Honolulu, Guam, Bangkok and Bahrain on its return to LIS.

When did the Concorde arrive in London?

A Concorde prototype arrives at Heathrow airport, London, after a demonstration sales tour to Asia and Australia, July 1972.

Where did the Concorde fly?

The Concorde had limited range compared to many subsonic airliners, and flying to Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil required refueling — in the Azores, Washington, and Dakar, Sene gal, respectively.

How many miles did Finn fly?

Finn would know as well as anyone, logging a reported 15 million miles in the air for his business dealings, and nearly 2.5 million of those miles in the same Concorde seat, 9A, during his record 718 trips aboard the supersonic jet.

What wine did the Concorde have?

The Concorde experience began at the airport, with its own check-in counter, then on to a lounge full of global upper-crusters. Each flight featured two red wine s, two white wines, and two champagnes chosen for that flight’s menu; for Finn, seat 9A always came with a complimentary half bottle of Dom Perignon. More importantly, the jet-lagless transatlantic crossing also gathered a community of passengers and crew who knew one another by name—fewer pilots have flown the Concorde than have ever been in space.

How much does it cost to break even on a Concorde?

And according to a recent study, it costs $1,814 per seat to break even on the Concorde, as opposed to $357 on a 400-seat 747 and $390 on a 275-seat Airbus A340.". In 2017 dollars, those figures translate to a Concorde needing to make $2,721 per seat to break even, whereas the 747 would have to earn $536 per seat to break even.

How long does it take for a Concorde to fly from New York to London?

The Concorde could fly from New York to London in just over three-and-a-half hours. To think that a service beloved by world leaders, movie stars, and business moguls would ever disappear sounds surprising in 2017, when so much caters to the ultra-rich.

Why did the Concorde come into service?

David Learmount, a consulting editor at FlightGlobal and former Royal Air Force pilot, explains that for all the Concorde’s technological innovations, it only came into service because Europeans looked skyward and felt left behind.

How much fuel does a 747 use?

It uses 22 tons of fuel an hour—twice the consumption of a 747 carrying four times the number of passengers as well as a significant amount of cargo. It requires 22 hours of maintenance for every hour in the air, compared with eight hours for a 747 and six and a quarter for a 777.

When did the Concorde fly?

Save this for later. With one last roof-rattling boom, the Concorde made its final flight on October 24, 2003, less than three decades after its commercial debut.

How far above the ground is the Concorde?

Even so, those lucky enough to have traveled on Concorde say the aircraft will always retain a rarified air not just for its engineering feats—flying more than twice the speed of sound and on the fringes of space, at 11 miles above the ground—but also for an unmatchable aura of thrill and luxury.

What is the most remarkable airplane in history?

Nearly 20 years after its final flight, Concorde continues to capture the imagination of many aviation enthusiasts as the most remarkable airplane in history: a brilliant, beautiful marvel of innovation and ingenuity that became the darling of the world’s jet-setting elite.

Why did the aircraft have special foil trays?

After that, he explains, special foil trays were used to keep items separate: one of many “service innovations” developed along the way.

What is the Concorde’s tagline?

With the tagline “Arrive Before You Leave” for its ability to fly passengers westward across the Atlantic Ocean in about three hours, Concorde still holds the prestige of being the only commercial supersonic aircraft (though that status could soon be disrupted by several emerging players reviving the sector).

What is Concorde jet?

A first-of-its-kind jet. Concorde, 1976 . Getty. First things first: Not unlike those A-list celebrities who only go by one name, Concorde, too, stands alone. There’s no preliminary “the” required; it’s simply Concorde. The moniker, which is the French word for harmony or union, reflects the collaboration between France and Great Britain …

How fast is the Concorde?

Four Rolls Royce engines equipped with afterburners on each aircraft propelled it through liftoff and the sound barrier, or Mach 1, a speed of 662 nautical miles per hour at sea level, to a maximum cruising speed of 1,354 miles per hour, at altitudes up to 60,000 feet, right at the edge of space.

When did the Concorde 001 fly?

On March 2, 1969, Concorde 001 flew into history with its maiden flight, and the first supersonic transcontinental crossing came in 1976, from Paris to Washington, D.C. Other early routes included Rio de Janeiro, Miami, Caracas, and Bahrain (which all were eventually scrapped, leaving just London and Paris to New York).