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how did marco polo travel on the silk road

how did marco polo travel on the silk road插图

The original plan was to take a ship East from Hormuz,but after reaching Hormuz they decided to swing North instead. Marco would later come to Hormuzby sea,taking the Maritime Silk Road on his return journey. The three men went back to Kerman and on to Persia’s Eastern province of Khorasan. This put them on the main Silk Road route.

Why did Marco Polo go on the Silk Road?

Why did Marco Polo travel the Silk Road? Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road At the request of Kublai Khan, they secured some holy oil from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and then backtracked to Acre to pick up gifts, papal documents and two friars from newly elected Pope Gregory X.

What did Marco Polo do during the Silk Road?

Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road are a fascinating read. They traveled to Jerusalem to get holy oil from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and then returned to Acre to pick up presents, papal papers, and two friars from recently elected Pope Gregory X. They did this at the behest of Kublai Khan.

Did Marco Polo discover the Silk Road?

What Did Marco Polo Discover? Although Marco Polo is not known for any particular discoveries, he was one of the first Europeans to explore the Far East. He traveled farther than any explorers before him, journeying for over 24 years on the Silk Road, documenting the foreign culture, technology and civilizations.

Why did Marco Polo set off alone?

Why did Marco Polo travel? Marco Polo … He grew up in a Catholic family and lived his early life alone with his mother. His father Niccol and uncle Maffeo were wealthy merchants and had set off together on a long 9-year trading journey when Marco was a young boy.

What did Marco Polo see in the desert?

Marco Polo was attracted by beautiful Kashgar and Hetian famed for its jade. Then they traversed Taklimakan Desert, arrived in Dunhuang and visited the Mogao Grottoes, noted for Buddhist sculptures and frescos.

What did Marco Polo do?

The Travels of Marco Polo, dictated by him, described Chinese politics, economy, and culture in detail , which greatly aroused the desire of westerner to go to China and had a great effect on the European navigation.

Where was Marco Polo born?

Marco Polo was born in a merchant family in Venice in 1254. His father and uncle often traded into the west coast of Mediterranean Sea. On one fortuitous occasion, they went to China and met with Kublai Khan, an emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. In 1269, they returned to Venice with a letter Kublai Khan had written to Pope Clement IV. In fact, Clement IV had died the year before, and a new pope had not yet been appointed.

When did Marco Polo arrive in Venice?

The information about China and some Asian states they brought back, aroused great interest among the Venetians. In 1298 AD, Marco Polo joined in the war between Venice and Genoa.

Where did Kublai Khan send his diplomats?

He was appointed to high posts in the court and was sent on many special diplomatic missions to many places in China, India and some kingdoms of Southeast Asia, such as Vietnam, Burma and Sumatra.

When did the Polos travel to China?

In 1271, when he was 17 years old his dream came true. With a letter in reply from the new Pope Gregory X, and with valuable gifts, the Polos set out eastwards from Venice on their second trip to China.

Who wrote to Pope Clement IV?

In 1269, they returned to Venice with a letter Kublai Khan had written to Pope Clement IV. In fact, Clement IV had died the year before, and a new pope had not yet been appointed. Young Marco Polo was very interested in listening to the stories of their travels and made up his mind to go to China.

How did the Silk Road start?

The Silk Road began during the Han Dynasty to trade goods to and from China. “ The network was used regularly from 130 B.C.E., when the Han officially opened trade with the west, to 1453 C.E., when the Ottoman Empire boycotted trade with the west and closed the routes.” The Chinese started using the Silk Road to mainly transport and trade their precious silk. It ran from China to the Mediterranean Sea and lasted about 1,583 years. It branched out and extended in different ways all across West Asia and Europe, and was named by the Silk Road by Ferdinand von Richthofen, a German geographer.

Why was the Great Wall of China built?

The Great Wall was built to protect the Han Chinese people from Manchurian and Mongolian invaders. Minor kings, called warlords, built individual walls to defend their territories during the period of the Warring States (403 BCE to 220 BCE). These individual walls were connected into one Great Wall by the first Chinese emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi, during the latter part of his reign (246 BCE to 208 BCE).

What was the Silk Road?

The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China, which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce. As the Silk Road was not a single thoroughfare from east to west, the term ‘Silk Routes’ has become increasingly favored by historians, though ‘Silk Road’ is the more common and recognized name. Both terms for this network of roads were coined by the German geographer and traveler, Ferdinand von Richthofen, in 1877 CE, who designated them ‘Seidenstrasse’ (silk road) or ‘Seidenstrassen’ (silk routes). The network was used regularly from 130 BCE, when the Han officially opened trade with the west, to 1453 CE, when the Ottoman Empire boycotted trade with the west and closed the routes.

What was the Han Dynasty?

The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.

Why were the Silk Roads important?

The Silk Roads played an important role in connecting Afro-Eurasia, both culturally and economically. The term “Silk Roads” was first used by Baron Ferdinand von Richtofen, a German geographer from the 19th century. He created the phrase to describe the routes between India, China, and the Mediterranean, which were used to transport items such as silk, livestock, glass, and precious metals. Historians have speculated that the roads might have been used as early as 2000 B.C.E. In the last century B.C.E., the Silk Roads experienced a golden age.

What were some of the inventions that China made to Europe?

China was part of a trade route called the Great Silk Road which connected it with Europe. The compass, porcelain, gunpowder was some of the Chinese inventions that made their way to Europe through The Great Silk Road. The Yongle emperor Zhu Di of the Ming dynasty had a favorite servant, Zheng He whom he sent of voyages to expand trade contacts, establish relationships with other foreign powers and bring back precious goods for the emperor. SO in 1405 they launched the first of seven voyages of explorations.

How did imperialism affect the Qing Dynasty?

Foreign imperialism impacted the Qing Dynasty significantly politically, economically, and socially, and also played a large role in the fall of the Qing Dynasty. The aftermath of the Opium Wars against Britain (and France) were arguably what forced China’s doors open to western influence, allowing foreign ideas to spread within China. From a political standpoint, the first and second Opium Wars dramatically altered the international relations between Qing China and the European powers. The end of the Opium Wars saw the Treaty of Nanjing and Tianjin signed, forcing the traditionally isolationist and inward Qing China to allow European powers in. China was demanded to surrender Hong Kong, open a total of fifteen treaty ports and allow foreigners to travel freely in the interior of China.

What were the Asian experiences?

Asian Experiences: Marco Polo and the Silk Road. Sources. Far East. Some Westerners accompanied the Mongols when they traveled to their recently conquered lands in China, thus becoming the first Europeans to visit that Far Eastern land in more than a millenium. When the first of these trips was made is not known.

Why was the Silk Route named after Marco Polo?

Marco Polo had traveled along what would become known as the Silk Route. The reason for the name, of course, was simple: silk was one of the most prized commodities that came from the Far East to Europe.

What did Marco Polo describe the water as?

Marco Polo described the water as “brackish and green” and “so bitter that no one could bear to drink it.”. Diarrhea became commonplace for the European travelers. Although their exact route is hard to follow from Polo’s descriptions, it was long; they passed over large plains, great deserts, and high mountains.

What was the trade route that was being carried on with Asia?

Within less than a century after Marco Polo traveled the Silk Road, most of the trade that was being carried on with Asia came via this route; it is also likely that many Eastern innovations adopted by the West in the Late Middle Ages (1300-1500) were also spread by Silk Road travelers.

Where did Marco Polo live?

For the next sixteen or seventeen years, Marco Polo would live among the Chinese, staying near Kublai Khan either at Shangtu or at the Great Khan’s main imperial palace in Peking.

Why was Marco Polo’s trip so profitable?

Still, because it was so profitable, attempts were continually made to find a way of shortening the trip, as well as making it safer. Marco Polo’s trip was one of these attempts, and it seemed to have provided a new and relatively improved means of acquiring trade goods from the Far East.

When did Marco Polo travel to Armenia?

As a result, only Marco Polo accompanied his family members when they returned to the Far East. Traveling from Venice to Armenia by sea in 1271 or 1272, the Polos then made their way across the lands of Asia Minor and Iran into Inner Asia. The journey was not easy.

What was Marco Polo’s first journey?

Marco Polo: The Early Years. Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road. Marco Polo in Venice. Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at age 17 with his father and uncle, traveling overland along what later became known as the Silk Road.

What did Marco Polo describe in his travels?

With the help of notes taken during his adventures, Marco Polo reverently described Kublai Khan and his palaces, along with paper money, coal, postal service, eyeglasses and other innovations that had not yet appeared in Europe.

How long did Marco Polo stay abroad?

Marco Polo remained abroad for 24 years. Though not the first European to explore China—his father and uncle, among others, had already been there—he became famous for his travels thanks to a popular book he co-authored while languishing in a Genoese prison.

Where was Marco Polo born?

Marco Polo was born around 1254 into a prosperous merchant family in the Italian city-state of Venice. His father, Niccolò, and his uncle Maffeo had left the year before on a long-term trading expedition. As a result, he was raised by extended relatives following his mother’s death at a young age. Niccolò and Maffeo first spent about six years in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey), which had been under Latin control since the Fourth Crusade of 1204. The two brothers then went to the port city of Soldaia (now Sudak, Ukraine), where they owned a house.

Why did Columbus write the notes in the book?

Thinking he would reach Asia and having no idea about the Mongol Empire’s collapse, Columbus marked up the book with notes in preparation for a meeting with Kublai Khan’s descendent. The Byzantine re-conquest of Constantinople in 1261, along with upheavals in the Mongol Empire, may have blocked their way home.

Where did the Polos go in the 19th century?

The friars quickly abandoned the expedition, but the Polos continued on, possibly by camel, to the Persian port city of Hormuz. Failing to find any boats to their liking, they instead took a series of overland traders’ routes that, in the 19th century, would become known as the Silk Road.

Where did the Polos go to?

The Polos, meanwhile, stayed on with Arghun’s brother for nine months before heading to Venice via Trebizond (now Trabzon, Turkey), Constantinople and Negrepont (now Euboea, Greece). They arrived home in 1295, the year after Kublai’s death sent the Mongol Empire into an irrevocable decline.

What is the Marco Polo slot machine?

The slot machine “ Marco Polo Online Slot ” is inspired by his travels and contains camels, Kublai Khan and of course Marco Polo himself. The slot can be played in a number of different online casinos. You can use casino bonuses to be able to try the slot machine for free.

What was Marco Polo’s influence on the world?

Marco Polo and his travels have had a very large cultural influence on the western world. The 13th-century book by Rustichello “Book of the Marvels of the World” later know as “The travels of Marco Polo” was a best-seller and had a huge impact on Medieval and Early Modern explorers, missionaries, and merchants.

How long did Marco Polo stay in China?

This trip, which would end up taking 24 years since they stayed for very long in China, is the one chronicled by Marco Polo in his book. It has been assumed that the Polos travelled along the Northern Silk Road, although the possibility of a southern route has also been advanced by some scholars.

Why did the Polo brothers go back to Europe?

After a year in China, the Polo brothers were sent back to Europe by Kublai Khan who wanted them to deliver a letter from him to Pope Clement IV. In this letter, the Khan asked the Pope to send him a hundred learned men to teach his people about Christianity and Western science, and he also wanted the Pope to procure oil for him from the lamp at the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

Why did the Polo brothers go east?

When civil war broke out between two powerful cousins in the region, the violence made it too risky for the Polo brother to return by the same route as they had come, and they decided to instead go east to get away from the war. This is how they ended up spending three years in Bukhara in today’s Uzbekistan, pretty much unable to move anywhere else.

How long does it take to cross the desert?

Marco Polo writes about how this desert… “is reported to be so long that it would take a year to go from end to end; and at the narrowest point it takes a month to cross it. It consists entirely of mountains and sands and valleys. There is nothing at all to eat.”

How long did it take the Polo brothers to get back home?

It took the Polo brothers three years to get back home, arriving in April 1269.